Continuing with the role of developing Nepal’s irrigation and water resources sector, the World Bank and the Government of Nepal signed an agreement for the Irrigation and Water Resources Management Project (IWRMP) on January 31st 2008. Irrigation Infrastructure Development and Improvement is one component of the IWRMP. It covers infrastructure development for systems fed from two sources of water: surface and groundwater. The targeted infrastructures for surface water irrigated systems are head-works or water diversions and the main conveyance delivery systems including all protection and safety as well as water measuring and management structures in the main canals. For systems with groundwater (well) as the source, several improvements are taking place like construction of new wells, electrification of running wells, or rehabilitation of existing malfunctioning wells.

The objective of the IWRMP is to improve irrigated agriculture productivity and management of selected irrigation schemes, and enhance institutional capacity for integrated water resources management. The primary target beneficiaries of the project are the water users of the selected irrigation schemes.

The IWRMP is implementing Irrigation Sub-Projects managed by farmers’ groups. These Farmer Managed Irrigation Schemes (FMIS) are being improved/developed by the Irrigation Development Divisions (IDDs) and Irrigation Development Sub-Divisions (IDSDs) of the three development regions of the project; namely, the Western Regional Irrigation Directorate (WRID), Mid-Western Regional Irrigation Directorate (MWRID) and Far Western Regional Irrigation Directorate (FWRID) under the Department of irrigation (DOI).

             

        

Subsequent to the implementation of the original project, in December 2012, the Government of Nepal (GoN) requested the World Bank (WB) to provide an Additional Financing in order to: i) complete the original commitment of rehabilitating 134 schemes; and ii) internalize, institutionalize and replicate the gains made so far in both irrigation water management and agricultural practices. The IWRMP AF will: i) help scaling up of best practices achieved by the project in FMIS to rehabilitate about 83 additional schemes, ii) support management transfer in the four Agency Managed Irrigation Schemes (AMIS), iii) develop four river basin plans, and iv) provide agricultural extension services in the schemes under farmer and agency managed schemes supported by the project.

The project consists of the following four components:

Component A: Irrigation infrastructure development and improvement,

Component B: Irrigation management transfer,

Component C: Institutional and policy support for Improved Water Management

Component D: Integrated crop and water management